Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (also called AFib or AF) is a quivering or irregular heartbeat that can lead to blood clots, stroke, heart failure and other heart-related complications. Also an increased risk of atrial fibrillation among people with heart conditions and a problem that increases with age.

Symptoms of atrial fibrillation
Some people have no symptoms and are unaware of their condition until it’s discovered during a physical examination for other purpose. The following information are some signs and symptoms of AF

  • Palpitations
  • Fatigue
  • Reduced ability to exercise
  • dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain

Atrial fibrillation

Causes

Atrial fibrillation can affect adults of any age. It affects more men than women and becomes more common in aging population. It affects about 10% of people over 75. Atrial fibrillation is associated or caused by

  • Heart conditions Heart disease including Hypertension (high blood pressure), Coronary artery disease, Heart valve disease, after heart surgery, hart failure, cardiopulmonary and Congenital heart disease.
  • Non heart conditions Other conditions such as Aging population, Obesity, sleep apnea. Diabetes, Pulmonary embolism, Chronic lung disease, Hyperthyroidism, and Viral infection
  • unknown cause

Atrial fibrillation

How Is Atrial fibrillation Diagnosed?

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is diagnosed based on your medical and family histories, a physical exam, and the results from tests.

  • EKG (ECG)
  • Echocardiography
  • Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)
  • Chest X Ray
  • Blood Tests

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